Work of the Week! WOW! Salvador Dali – Rowena, from Ivanhoe Suite

Salvador Dali
Rowena, from Ivanhoe Suite
29 1/2 x 21 1/2 in.
Edition of 250
Pencil signed and numbered; certified authentic by Frank Hunter of the Salvador Dali archives in New York on verso

About the work:

Salvador Dali often explored literary characters in his works. Tristan and Isolde or Don Quixote are well-known series of work by the artist. He also created work based on the romantic novel Ivanhoe.

This week’s Work of the Week! WOW! is Rowena, from Ivanhoe Suite.

Ivanhoe was written by Sir Walter Scott in 1819. The story was set in medieval England during a time of political tension between the Anglo-Saxons and Normans. This created a divide between the protagonist Sir Wilfred of Ivanhoe and his father. Ivanhoe, the son of a wealthy nobleman and of Anglo-Saxon descent was disinherited by his father Cedric of Rotherwood for supporting a Norman king, and for falling in love with Lady Rowena whom Cedric looks after.

Ivanhoe and Rowena are in love throughout the novel, however Cedric forbids their marriage as he would like Rowena to marry Lord Athelstane, a powerful Anglo-Saxon contender for the crown. During a jousting tournament, Ivanhoe is wounded and his healer, Rebecca falls in love with him.

So many obstacles lie in the path of Ivanhoe and Rowena to marry, which Dali captures through symbolic images. Rowena is seen holding a melting clock, one of Dali’s most iconic images, which symbolizes the lost time for the two lovers. Rowena is holding a single rose, which symbolizes Ivanhoe and his love for Rowena. Another meaningful image is the presence of a seahorse with Dali’s ever so famous stork legs. The seahorse was considered a good luck charm in many old cultures, symbolizing the strength of the subconscious and persistence, which is relevant to the two lovers character and their desire to be together.

Despite the obstacles, Ivanhoe and Rowena are together in the end. Rebecca leaves England to study medicine in Spain, and Cedric of Rotherwood gives his blessing for the two to marry.

WOW! – Work Of the Week – Salvador Dali “Playing Cards”

Playing Cards

Salvador Dali, Playing Cards are currently exhibited at the Gallery

About This Work:

These wonderful Playing Cards are the lithographic version of the real decks Dali produced in 1967 with publisher Puiforcat, which are now extremely rare and difficult to find. 

Dalí created these designs for the Ace, King, Queen and Jack of each suit plus a Joker.  He composed his playing card figures out of geometric shapes, like a surrealist tapestry, but retaining the traditional aspects of playing cards design.

The Playing Cards contain most of Dali’s icons and are presented in a whimsical playful fashion. They have a great appeal because, like the melting clocks, the visual aspect and content are catchy and clever. They play upon a subject which we are all familiar with. Dali takes the familiar and makes it surreal.

These cards are done masterfully and they are brilliantly arranged, offering a fantastic glimpse of Dali’s ultimate creative abilities. At first sight, the characters look like regular card figures, but looking closer it is evident that they are formed by several different objects – or partial objects. Among the pieces of the suite, we find an array of compositions, colors, traditional and non-traditional symbols. Each piece is like a puzzle that can only be put together by the greatest Surrealist of all time.

All the evident artistic references we can see in these lithographs are often intertwined with different unexpected meanings and hidden concepts.

Jack of Clubs
Playing Cards - Jack Of Clubs
Playing Cards – Jack of Clubs
25 3/4 x 20 in.
Edition of 150
Pencil signed and numbered

The Jack of Clubs has numerous surrealistic elements that define the meaning of “The Jack”.

Throughout the history of playing cards, the Jack has always had a sexuality identity crisis. Often depicted as an unambiguously feminine male, Dali takes note of this and creates the Jack’s hat with a royal looking swan emerging from it, as well as a weeping eye. The shield and sword stand out boldly as to hide the femininity but Dali masterfully adds one of his most iconic surrealistic elements to further his point, the bread.

[Bread] has always been one of the oldest fetishistic and obsessive subjects in my work, the one to which I have remained the most faithful“. In his paintings, breads are most often an aspect of hard and phallic.

The Clubs are often referred to intellect, literature and education. This explains the presence of inkwells.

King of Clubs

Playing Cards - King Of ClubsSALVADOR DALI
Playing Cards – King of Clubs
25 3/4 x 20 in.
Edition of 150
Pencil signed and numbered

The King of Clubs is a king said to be one of great power but one who is not aware of this and is outwardly cheerful but inwardly reserved. Hence the bottom face is portrayed as a closed eyed-sleepy king.

The top face is made of surrealistic elements of nature. Bones for a nose, rocks for eyes and birds for eyebrows.

Another face can be seen to the left corner from the Club and lips.

The Crown has a stone castle showing strenght and royality.

Queen of Diamonds

Playing Cards - Queen Of DiamondsSALVADOR DALI
Playing Cards – Queen of Diamonds
25 3/4 x 20 in.
Epreuve d’Artist (E.A.)
Pencil signed and numbered

Queen is painted with the classic colors of the iconic Maddalena, blue and red, and holds red roses, a classic symbol of beauty and femininity.

The Queen of Diamonds, viewed in one direction, has an interesting nose, mouth, and set of eyes – all composed, appropriately enough, of numbers: 8’s constitute her eyes, her nose is a 4, and 8’s again form her mouth. 

Given his interest in alchemy and tarots, we are not able to exclude that Dali intentionally wanted to make a reference to the symbolism of numbers. The symbolism backing number Eight deals with continuation, repetition, eternity and cycles, while number Four invokes stability and the grounded nature of all things. Four is also half of Eight.

Turn the card upside down, the Queen’s eyes and mouth will be transformed into what might be described as a Picasso-like composition. Dali often nodded to other artists he admired, and Picasso was definitely one of them.

 You’ll then notice a background figure of a girl skipping rope. This is a recurring, almost obsessive image in many Dali works, and it represents a reference to the famous  illustrations he created for Lewis Carroll’s book “Alice In Wonderland“. It goes without saying that the artist made this reference in this particular card because one of the most important characters in the book is the Queen.

In the end, the double images were a major part of Dalí’s “paranoia-critical method”, which he put forward in his 1935 essay “The Conquest of the Irrational“. He explained his process as a “spontaneous method of irrational understanding based upon the interpretative critical association of delirious phenomena“. Dalí used this method to bring forth the hallucinatory forms, double images and visual illusions that filled his paintings. The artist termed “critical paranoia” a state in which one could cultivate delusion while maintaining one’s sanity. 

Dalí’s career as a print maker lasted his entire life. In these prints we find some of Dalí’s most accomplished icons and images, and some of his best use of his imagination.