Joan Miró was born in Barcelona in 1893, but the emotional landscapes that shaped him as a person and an artist were principally those of Mont-Roig, Paris, and Majorca, and later those of New York and Japan. The small town of Mont-Roig in the Baix Camp region of Catalonia was a counterpoint to the intellectual ferment of his life with the surrealist poets in 1920's Paris, and to the stimulus of discovering Abstract Expressionism in New York in the 1940's.
Most people consider Joan Miro' as being part of the Fauvism, also known as the Naive movement. This artistic movement used a variety of bright colors and looked at the Primitives as artists unaware of the law of harmony and balance and, for this reason, free from any form of artistic constriction. However, Miro' went through multiple influences during his career. He always gave great importance to shapes, which was common in the Cubism art form, and he was open to the unexpected, like Dadaists and Surrealists.
These influences led him to elaborate a very personal concept, a way of looking at Art that eventually became the core of all his artistic work. The concept that representational painting no longer corresponded to artistic truth, nor that the previous artistic movements were able to express adequately the world in which we live. To Miro' war was part of his life and his art. He felt that the current movements of art did not show the effects that World War I and II had on the world.
In order to convey his own artistic style and message, the artist started to research and experiment with many different techniques. Eventually he realized his own identity. Breaking away from the classical thinking and the "rules" that bound his artistic expression, Miro's technique was a manipulation of reality, in a sense, and its influence is visible in the fragmented and apparently non-organized shapes of his works.
The art of Joan Miro' has a childlike simplicity and playfulness to it, showing how the artist sought an essential pictorial vocabulary in primitive sources, particularly prehistoric cave paintings of his native Spain. These painting were formed by signs, symbols and basic linear ingredients. Miro' invented a new kind of pictorial space in which objects issuing strictly from the artist's imagination are juxtaposed with basic, recognizable forms.
Self-contained in his manners and public expressions, it is through art that Joan Miró showed his rebelliousness and a strong sensitivity to the political and social events around him. These conflicting forces led him to create a unique and extremely personal language that makes him one of the most influential artists of the 20th century.